transmitted diseases are infections that people spread during the
middle of sex acts – be it orally, vaginally or anally. And, these
common STIs are on the increase. The problem with STDs is that they
can cause very serious health problems, but testing for STDs is easy,
and the majority of them are treatable.
surefire way on not getting an STD is to avoid sexual contact.
However, if you’re sexually active, using dental dams or latex
condoms can drastically reduce the chance of getting an STD.
to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there has been a
rise in the number of both gonorrhea and syphilis cases in the last
few years – or a significantly large 20 percent increase.
U.S. has a very high STD rate for a Western industrialized country.
Talking about STDs is a start, and this will touch on the common
syphilis and gonorrhea infections.
is caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. It thrives in moist
warm parts of the body such as the vagina, urethra, rectum, eyes,
throat and female reproductive structures. Syphilis is the result of
the Treponema pallidum, which can be spread through sexual contact
and from an infected mother to her unborn baby during delivery. If
not treated quickly, it can cause serious health complications.
to experts, the rise in STDs is due to a multitude of factors that
create the “perfect storm.”
Funding is one such factor.
There are several federal and state educational programs geared toward STD prevention, but a lack of funding has scaled back on these programs, and the public is not as aware of how they get an STD.
Parenthood is the largest supporters of STD testing, treatment and
testing. A majority of their patients are women, but men are also
treated. However, many political groups have called for funding cuts
to the program, which would have a direct impact on STD screening and
top of that, many state-run health department STD clinics are being
affected by the state funding cuts. For many of these clinics, the
doors have closed. These clinics are important for many at-risk
people who are embarrassed to talk about their health problems with a
family doctor or don’t have the money to get tested and treated.
The clinics offer confidential screening and treatments at no cost,
which help to decrease the spread of STDs.
reason is that doctors are failing to question the patient’s
history and sex practices.
STDs have no symptoms, and with fewer people getting tested. On top
of that, doctors and other healthcare providers are failing to
question their patients about sexual practices, histories and
protections. This lack of screening and talking is leading to a rise
less fear about catching STDs.
is now known to be a chronic medical condition thanks to the new
treatments that have been developed. No longer is it considered a
death sentence, which is another reason the fear of STDs is not so
STD rates are rising among all age groups, certain groups are more
susceptible including Southerners, Latino and Black women, men and
young adults. Men who have sex with other men are also seeing a rise
in STD rates.
who fail to get treatment for STDs are likely to suffer more health
consequences, as it can lead to infertility, congenital disabilities
in unborn babies, cervical cancer, neurologic disease, etc. Men could
also suffer from penile cancer if they have an untreated STD.
Although sex is a forbidden topic for most people, it’s important to talk about the subject and sexual health with one another and with healthcare providers. People need to better educate themselves about STDs, and they need to have access to screening, testing and treatment for STDs.